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Theriogenology. 2006 Jan 7;65(1):65-76. Epub 2005 Nov 11.

Dissecting why superovulation and embryo transfer usually work on some farms but not on others.

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Stroud Veterinary Embryo Services Inc., Weatherford, TX 76087, USA.


Bovine embryo transfer is a well-established commercial industry that is often associated with veterinary practices. Practitioners offering embryo transfer services may possess a very high standard of technical expertise; however, success in the production of embryos and the impregnation of recipients cannot be achieved unless the cattle are healthy and maintained in a well-managed cattle operation. In addition to appropriate gonadotropin treatments of donor cattle, the use of highly fertile semen, known to have been properly stored and handled is required for success. Recipient cattle must be managed with the same attention to detail as donors. Traditionally, PGF has been used for the synchronization of recipients. However, PGF is limited in its effectiveness early and late in the bovine estrus cycle. Recipient estrus synchronization with progesterone releasing intravaginal inserts has been successful and high pregnancy rates have resulted following embryo transfer.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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