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Nat Neurosci. 2005 Dec;8(12):1712-9. Epub 2005 Nov 13.

FARP2 triggers signals for Sema3A-mediated axonal repulsion.

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Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, 2-2 Yamada-oka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan.


Sema3A, a prototypical semaphorin, acts as a chemorepellent or a chemoattractant for axons by activating a receptor complex comprising neuropilin-1 as the ligand-binding subunit and plexin-A1 as the signal-transducing subunit. How the signals downstream of plexin-A1 are triggered upon Sema3A stimulation, however, is unknown. Here we show that, in the presence of neuropilin-1, the FERM domain-containing guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) FARP2 associates directly with plexin-A1. Sema3A binding to neuropilin-1 induces the dissociation of FARP2 from plexin-A1, resulting in activation of FARP2's Rac GEF activity, Rnd1 recruitment to plexin-A1, and downregulation of R-Ras. Simultaneously, the FERM domain of FARP2 sequesters phosphatidylinositol phosphate kinase type I isoform PIPKIgamma661 from talin, thereby inhibiting its kinase activity. These activities are required for Sema3A-mediated repulsion of outgrowing axons and suppression of neuronal adhesion. We therefore conclude that FARP2 is a key molecule involved in the response of neuronal growth cones to class-3 semaphorins.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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