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Eur J Biochem. 1992 Jul 1;207(1):383-9.

Inhibition of the acidification of endosomes and lysosomes by the antibiotic concanamycin B in macrophage J774.

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1
Department of Applied Biological Science, Tokyo Noko University, Japan.

Abstract

The antibiotic concanamycin B was found to inhibit oxidized-low-density-lipoprotein(LDL)-induced accumulation of lipid droplets in the macrophage J774 at a concentration of 5-10 nM. Concanamycin B inhibited cholesteryl-ester synthesis from [14C]oleate by 50% at 14 nM without affecting the synthesis of triacylglycerol and polar lipids. Degradation of internalized oxidized 125I-LDL was inhibited by about 80% in cells treated with 25 nM concanamycin B, while cell-surface binding of oxidized 125I-LDL at 4 degrees C, uptake of surface-bound oxidized 125I-LDL and microsomal acyl-CoA:cholesterol acyltransferase activity were not significantly affected by the antibiotic at 25 nM. When J774 cells were treated with 25 nM concanamycin B at 37 degrees C for 60 min, there was a reduction of about 50% in the activity of cell-surface receptors. This reduction appeared to be due to partial trapping of the receptors within the cells. Concanamycin B significantly inhibited ATP-dependent acidification of endosomes and lysosomes of the J774 cells at a concentration of 4 nM. Since acidic condition of these organelles is required for receptor recycling and hydrolysis of lipoproteins, the results demonstrate that concanamycin-B inhibition of oxidized-LDL-induced accumulation of lipid droplets and cholesteryl esters in macrophages J774 is associated with reduced ATP-dependent acidification of these organelles.

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