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EMBO J. 1992 Jul;11(7):2665-73.

Co-amplified markers alternate in megabase long chromosomal inverted repeats and cluster independently in interphase nuclei at early steps of mammalian gene amplification.

Author information

1
Unité de Génétique Somatique (URA CNRS 361), Institut Pasteur, Paris, France.

Abstract

Two-colour in situ hybridization with probes for two co-amplified markers located several megabases apart on chromosome 1 has been used to analyse early stages of adenylate deaminase 2 (AMPD2) gene amplification in Chinese hamster cells. In the amplified chromosomal structures, the distribution of hybridization spots identifies megabase-long inverted repeats. Their organization is remarkably well accounted for if breakage-fusion-bridge cycles involving sister chromatids drive the amplification process at these early stages. During interphase the markers often segregate into distinct nuclear domains. Many nuclei have bulges or release micronuclei, carrying several copies of one or both markers. These observations indicate that the amplified units destabilize the nuclear organization and eventually lead to DNA breakage during interphase. We propose a model in which interphase breakage has a role in the progression of gene amplification.

PMID:
1628626
PMCID:
PMC556742
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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