Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Bone Marrow Transplant. 2006 Jan;37(2):143-9.

Unrelated donor or partially matched related donor peripheral stem cell transplant with CD34+ selection and CD3+ addback for pediatric patients with leukemias.

Author information

Dept Oncology, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA.


Unmodified peripheral stem cell transplants are associated with an increased risk of extensive chronic GVHD. T depletion may reduce this risk, but the risk of graft failure or relapse may increase. To decrease the risks of both extensive chronic GVHD and graft failure, we added back a defined dose of CD3+ cells to CD34+ selected PSCs. Twenty-four patients were evaluable for outcome analysis. Donors were unrelated (23) or related (1). Conditioning was thiotepa, cyclophosphamide, and total body irradiation. Cyclosporine was used post transplant. Following CD34+ selection, a total of 5 x 10(5)/kg CD3+ cells were infused. Donors were matched for 12 patients. The median CD34+ dose infused was 7.1 x 10(6)/kg. Engraftment occurred in all patients at a median of 14 days (10-19). Twelve patients are alive in remission 15-34 months (median, 25) post PSCT. GVHD occurred in 17 patients, but was >grade II in only 2. Chronic GVHD occurred in 61.5% of evaluable patients, but was limited to skin and perioral cavity. Two patients relapsed, and 10 patients died of non-relapse causes. This study demonstrates that PSCT with CD34+ selection and a defined dose of CD3+ results in prompt engraftment and may limit development of extensive chronic GVHD.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Nature Publishing Group
    Loading ...
    Support Center