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Bone Marrow Transplant. 2006 Jan;37(2):143-9.

Unrelated donor or partially matched related donor peripheral stem cell transplant with CD34+ selection and CD3+ addback for pediatric patients with leukemias.

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1
Dept Oncology, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. bunin@email.chop.edu

Abstract

Unmodified peripheral stem cell transplants are associated with an increased risk of extensive chronic GVHD. T depletion may reduce this risk, but the risk of graft failure or relapse may increase. To decrease the risks of both extensive chronic GVHD and graft failure, we added back a defined dose of CD3+ cells to CD34+ selected PSCs. Twenty-four patients were evaluable for outcome analysis. Donors were unrelated (23) or related (1). Conditioning was thiotepa, cyclophosphamide, and total body irradiation. Cyclosporine was used post transplant. Following CD34+ selection, a total of 5 x 10(5)/kg CD3+ cells were infused. Donors were matched for 12 patients. The median CD34+ dose infused was 7.1 x 10(6)/kg. Engraftment occurred in all patients at a median of 14 days (10-19). Twelve patients are alive in remission 15-34 months (median, 25) post PSCT. GVHD occurred in 17 patients, but was >grade II in only 2. Chronic GVHD occurred in 61.5% of evaluable patients, but was limited to skin and perioral cavity. Two patients relapsed, and 10 patients died of non-relapse causes. This study demonstrates that PSCT with CD34+ selection and a defined dose of CD3+ results in prompt engraftment and may limit development of extensive chronic GVHD.

PMID:
16284615
DOI:
10.1038/sj.bmt.1705211
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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