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Oncology. 2005;69(4):290-4. Epub 2005 Nov 9.

Combination chemotherapy in advanced small bowel adenocarcinoma.

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Gastroenterology Unit, Institut Gustave Roussy, Villejuif, France.



To assess the efficacy of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and either platinum compounds or irinotecan in patients with advanced small bowel adenocarcinoma (SBA), for whom data on the efficacy of chemotherapy are scarce.


We reviewed data on all patients with advanced SBA who received chemotherapy over a 9-year period at our institution.


Twenty patients with advanced SBA received a median of 6 cycles (range 2-15) of chemotherapy with 5-FU and either cisplatin (n=15), carboplatin (n=2), or oxaliplatin (n=3). The overall response rate was 21%, and median progression-free and overall survival 8 and 14 months, respectively. Toxicity was moderate. Second-line chemotherapy with 5-FU and irinotecan resulted in disease stabilization in 4 (50%) of 8 patients (median progression-free survival: 5 months), and in a biological complete response in another patient with non-measurable peritoneal carcinomatosis, allowing surgical cytoreduction surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy. No tumor response or disease stabilization was seen among the patients who received protracted venous infusion of 5-FU (n=4) or infusional 5-FU and cisplatin (n=1) as second-line chemotherapy.


Chemotherapy with 5-FU and platinum compounds seems effective and well-tolerated in patients with advanced SBA. 5-FU-irinotecan combination chemotherapy deserves further investigation in the first-line setting.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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