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Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2006 Apr;290(4):G782-92. Epub 2005 Nov 10.

TRPC1 functions as a store-operated Ca2+ channel in intestinal epithelial cells and regulates early mucosal restitution after wounding.

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Departments of Surgery, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, 21201, USA.


An increase in cytosolic free Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](cyt)) results from Ca(2+) release from intracellular stores and extracellular Ca(2+) influx through Ca(2+)-permeable ion channels and is crucial for initiating intestinal epithelial restitution to reseal superficial wounds after mucosal injury. Capacitative Ca(2+) entry (CCE) induced by Ca(2+) store depletion represents a major Ca(2+) influx mechanism, but the exact molecular components constituting this process remain elusive. This study determined whether canonical transient receptor potential (TRPC)1 served as a candidate protein for Ca(2+)-permeable channels mediating CCE in intestinal epithelial cells and played an important role in early epithelial restitution. Normal intestinal epithelial cells (the IEC-6 cell line) expressed TRPC1 and TPRC5 and displayed typical records of whole cell store-operated Ca(2+) currents and CCE generated by Ca(2+) influx after depletion of intracellular stores. Induced TRPC1 expression by stable transfection with the TRPC1 gene increased CCE and enhanced cell migration during restitution. Differentiated IEC-Cdx2L1 cells induced by forced expression of the Cdx2 gene highly expressed endogenous TRPC1 and TRPC5 and exhibited increased CCE and cell migration. Inhibition of TRPC1 expression by small interfering RNA specially targeting TRPC1 not only reduced CCE but also inhibited cell migration after wounding. These findings strongly suggest that TRPC1 functions as store-operated Ca(2+) channels and plays a critical role in intestinal epithelial restitution by regulating CCE and intracellular [Ca(2+)](cyt).

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