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Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2005 Nov;55(Pt 6):2285-91.

Luteibacter rhizovicinus gen. nov., sp. nov., a yellow-pigmented gammaproteobacterium isolated from the rhizosphere of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.).

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Department of Environmental Chemistry and Microbiology, National Environmental Research Institute, Frederiksborgvej 399, DK-4000 Roskilde, Denmark.


Three strains of Gram-negative, aerobic, yellow-pigmented, chemo-organotrophic bacteria, motile by a polar flagellum, were isolated from the rhizosphere of spring barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) at a research field near Copenhagen, Denmark. The three strains, LJ79, LJ96T and LJ99, formed visible colonies on one-tenth-strength tryptic soy broth supplemented with agar (1/10 TSBA) after incubation for 6 days at 15 degrees C. The strains hydrolysed starch, casein (skimmed milk), gelatin and various pentoses and hexoses and grew on MacConkey agar and full-strength TSBA. Growth on 1/10 TSBA occurred at 4-30 degrees C, pH 6-9 and 0-3 % (w/v) NaCl. The strains had identical 16S rRNA gene sequences and ERIC (enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus sequence) fingerprint profiles, but could be differentiated by their RAPD (random amplified polymorphic DNA) fingerprint patterns. Strain LJ96(T) had a DNA G+C content of 64.3 mol% and the major fatty acids were 15 : 0 iso (23.4 %), 17 : 1 iso omega9c (25.5 %) and 17 : 0 iso (18.1 %). Phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequences of the three strains showed 96 % sequence similarity to Rhodanobacter lindaniclasticus LMG 18385T, 95 % to Frateuria aurantia DSM 6220T and 96 % to Fulvimonas soli LMG 19981T. Using LJ96T DNA as probe, DNA-DNA hybridizations documented the relationship of the three strains to a single species (87.4-98.7 % relatedness) and showed less than 30 % relatedness to Frateuria aurantia DSM 6220T and Fulvimonas soli DSM 14263T. Rhodanobacter lindaniclasticus LMG 18385T is not extant and the strain not available from any public strain collections, thus DNA-DNA hybridization could not include this strain. On the basis of genotypic and phenotypic characteristics, the three yellow-pigmented strains could also be differentiated from Frateuria aurantia, Fulvimonas soli and Rhodanobacter lindaniclasticus. The name Luteibacter rhizovicinus gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain LJ96T (=DSM 16549T=ATCC BAA-1015T).

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