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J Med Chem. 2005 Nov 17;48(23):7445-56.

Anilinodialkoxyquinazolines: screening epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors for potential tumor imaging probes.

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Department of Functional Imaging, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720-8119, USA.


The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), a long-standing drug development target, is also a desirable target for imaging. Sixteen dialkoxyquinazoline analogues, suitable for labeling with positron-emitting isotopes, have been synthesized and evaluated in a battery of in vitro assays to ascertain their chemical and biological properties. These characteristics provided the basis for the adoption of a selection schema to identify lead molecules for labeling and in vivo evaluation. A new EGFR tyrosine kinase radiometric binding assay revealed that all of the compounds possessed suitable affinity (IC50 = 0.4-51 nM) for the EGFR tyrosine kinase. All of the analogues inhibited ligand-induced EGFR tyrosine phosphorylation (IC50 = 0.8-20 nM). The HPLC-estimated octanol/water partition coefficients ranged from 2 to 5.5. Four compounds, 4-(2'-fluoroanilino)- and 4-(3'-fluoroanilino)-6,7-diethoxyquinazoline as well as 4-(3'-chloroanilino)- and 4-(3'-bromoanilino)-6,7-dimethoxyquinazoline, possess the best combination of characteristics that warrant radioisotope labeling and further evaluation in tumor-bearing mice.

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