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J Magn Reson Imaging. 1992 May-Jun;2(3):277-84.

Gadolinium-enhanced high-resolution MR angiography with adaptive vessel tracking: preliminary results in the intracranial circulation.

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Department of Biomedical Engineering, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH.


To overcome problems associated with poor contrast between vessels and background tissue in time-of-flight magnetic resonance angiography, the role of intravenous gadopentetate dimeglumine in conjunction with a postprocessing adaptive vessel tracking scheme was studied. Vessel tracking makes it possible to discriminate arteries from veins, to prevent problems associated with other bright tissues on maximum-intensity projections, and to increase the signal-to-noise ratio. Short, asymmetric, velocity-compensated field echoes were used in conjunction with high-resolution imaging techniques to spatially discriminate between adjacent vessels and stationary background tissue. Gadopentetate dimeglumine was shown to be useful for visualization of small vessels, aneurysms, and regions of slow flow, when used with this post-processing scheme.

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