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Clin Cancer Res. 2005 Nov 1;11(21):7773-84.

Patupilone induced vascular disruption in orthotopic rodent tumor models detected by magnetic resonance imaging and interstitial fluid pressure.

Author information

  • 1Oncology Research, Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research, Basel, Switzerland.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Evaluation of vascular disruptive activity in orthotopic models as potential surrogate biomarkers of tumor response to the microtubule-stabilizing agent patupilone.

EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN:

Mice bearing metastatic B16/BL6 melanoma and rats bearing mammary BN472 tumors received vehicle or efficacious patupilone doses (4 and 0.8-1.5 mg/kg i.v., respectively). Tumor vascularity assessment by dynamic contrast-enhanced or dynamic susceptibility contrast magnetic resonance imaging and interstitial fluid pressure (IFP) occurred at baseline, 2 days (mice and rats), and 6 days (rats) after treatment and were compared with histologic measurements and correlated with tumor response.

RESULTS:

In B16/BL6 metastases, patupilone (4 mg/kg) induced a 21 +/- 5% decrease (P < 0.001) in tumor blood volume and a 32 +/- 15% decrease (P = 0.02) in IFP after 2 days and reduced tumor growth and vessel density (>42%) after 2 weeks (P < or = 0.014). Patupilone dose-dependently inhibited BN472 tumor growth (day 6) and reduced IFP on days 2 and 6 (-21% to -70%), and the percentage change in IFP correlated (P < 0.01) with the change in tumor volume. In both models, histology and vascular casts confirmed decreases in tumor blood volume. One patupilone (0.8 mg/kg) administration decreased (P < 0.01) tumor IFP (54 +/- 4%), tumor blood volume (50 +/- 6%), and vessel diameter (40 +/- 11%) by day 6 but not the apparent diffusion coefficient, whereas histology showed that apoptosis was increased 2.4-fold and necrosis was unchanged. Apoptosis correlated negatively (P < 0.001) with IFP, tumor blood volume, and tumor volume, whereas tumor blood volume and IFP were correlated positively (P = 0.0005).

CONCLUSIONS:

Vascular disruptive effects of patupilone were detected in situ using dynamic contrast-enhanced or dynamic susceptibility contrast magnetic resonance imaging and IFP. Changes in IFP preceded and correlated with tumor response, suggesting that IFP may be a surrogate biomarker for patupilone efficacy.

PMID:
16278399
DOI:
10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-05-1165
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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