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Clin Cancer Res. 2005 Nov 1;11(21):7643-50.

Plasmalemmal vesicle associated protein-1 is a novel marker implicated in brain tumor angiogenesis.

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Department of Neurosurgery, University of Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA.



Plasmalemmal vesicle associated protein-1 (PV-1) is up-regulated in the endothelium of human glioblastoma. We sought to further characterize the expression pattern of PV-1 in human brain tumors and interrogate its role in brain tumor angiogenesis.


Quantitative reverse transcription-PCR and in situ hybridization were used to measure PV-1 expression in a panel of 46 human brain tumors and related pathologic states. Matrigel tubulogenesis assays and cell migration assays were used to show function of PV-1 in primary human endothelial cells (HMVEC) under gene knockdown conditions.


PV-1 is selectively up-regulated in a variety of high-grade human brain tumors, including glioblastoma and metastatic carcinoma, as well as other cerebral disorders associated with blood-brain barrier disruption, such as acute ischemia. Expression levels were reduced in low-grade neoplasia; however, tumors associated with the ependyma and choroid plexus, known sites of PV-1 expression, also exhibited robust expression. Cerebral expression of PV-1 mRNA was confined to endothelial cells in all cases. PV-1 expression was induced in HMVEC cells in vitro by exposure to medium conditioned by U87MG and U251MG human brain tumor cell lines and by medium supplemented with exogenous vascular endothelial growth factor or scatter factor/hepatocyte growth factor. RNA interference-mediated inhibition of PV-1 induction in HMVEC cells blocked Matrigel-induced tubulogenesis and inhibited cell migration induced by conditioned medium or angiogenic growth factors.


Our results confirm that PV-1 is preferentially induced in the endothelium of high-grade human brain tumors. Inhibition of PV-1 expression is associated with failure of endothelial differentiation in vitro. PV-1 represents a novel marker of brain tumor angiogenesis and integrity of the blood-brain barrier and is a potential therapeutic target.

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