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Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2006 Apr;290(4):E661-9. Epub 2005 Nov 8.

Evidence against regulation of AMP-activated protein kinase and LKB1/STRAD/MO25 activity by creatine phosphate.

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Department of Physiology and Developmental Biology, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah 84602, USA.


Muscle contraction results in phosphorylation and activation of the AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) by an AMPK kinase (AMPKK). LKB1/STRAD/MO25 (LKB1) is the major AMPKK in skeletal muscle; however, the activity of LKB1 is not increased by muscle contraction. This finding suggests that phosphorylation of AMPK by LKB1 is regulated by allosteric mechanisms. Creatine phosphate is depleted during skeletal muscle contraction to replenish ATP. Thus the concentration of creatine phosphate is an indicator of cellular energy status. A previous report found that creatine phosphate inhibits AMPK activity. The purpose of this study was to determine whether creatine phosphate would inhibit 1) phosphorylation of AMPK by LKB1 and 2) AMPK activity after phosphorylation by LKB1. We found that creatine phosphate did not inhibit phosphorylation of either recombinant or purified rat liver AMPK by LKB1. We also found that creatine phosphate did not inhibit 1) active recombinant alpha1beta1gamma1 or alpha2beta2gamma2 AMPK, 2) AMPK immunoprecipitated from rat liver extracts by either the alpha1 or alpha2 subunit, or 3) AMPK chromatographically purified from rat liver. Inhibition of skeletal muscle AMPK by creatine phosphate was greatly reduced or eliminated with increased AMPK purity. In conclusion, these results suggest that creatine phosphate is not a direct regulator of LKB1 or AMPK activity. Creatine phosphate may indirectly modulate AMPK activity by replenishing ATP at the onset of muscle contraction.

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