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Int Immunol. 1992 May;4(5):563-9.

Differential effects of IL-4 and IL-10 on IL-2-induced IFN-gamma synthesis and lymphokine-activated killer activity.

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  • 1Department of Immunology, DNAX Research Institute, Palo Alto, CA 94304.

Abstract

Culture of human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) with IL-2 stimulates synthesis of cytokines and generation of lymphokine-activated killer (LAK) activity. Both IL-4 and IL-10 [cytokine synthesis inhibitory factor (CSIF)] inhibit IL-2-induced synthesis of IFN-gamma and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha by human PBMC. However, unlike IL-4, IL-10 inhibits neither IL-2-induced proliferation of PBMC and fresh natural killer (NK) cells, nor IL-2-induced LAK activity. Moreover, IL-4 inhibits IL-2-induced IFN-gamma synthesis by purified fresh NK cells, while in contrast the inhibitory effect of IL-10 is mediated by CD14+ cells (monocytes/macrophages). IL-10 inhibits TNF-alpha synthesis by monocytes or monocytes plus NK cells, but not by NK cells alone. These results suggest that IL-4 and IL-10 act on NK cells via distinct pathways, and that IL-2-induced cytokine synthesis and LAK activity are regulated via different mechanisms.

PMID:
1627494
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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