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Peptides. 2006 Apr;27(4):649-60. Epub 2005 Nov 7.

Development of novel LL-37 derived antimicrobial peptides with LPS and LTA neutralizing and antimicrobial activities for therapeutic application.

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Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands.


New peptides for lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and lipoteichoic acid (LTA) neutralization in upper respiratory tract infections were developed and evaluated in terms of efficacy and safety for application in humans. Based on the sequence of the human antimicrobial peptide LL-37 we developed and investigated length variants, substitution analogues and modifications to stabilize the peptides to prevent enzymatic degradation and to improve efficacy. The most promising peptide appears P60.4, a 24 amino acid peptide with similar efficacy as LL-37 in terms of LPS and LTA neutralization and lower pro-inflammatory activity. In addition, the acetylated and amidated version of this peptide shows no toxicity and displays higher or equal antimicrobial activity compared to LL-37.

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