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Life Sci. 2006 Feb 28;78(14):1624-9. Epub 2005 Nov 7.

Casein kinase Iepsilon down-regulates phospho-Akt via PTEN, following genotoxic stress-induced apoptosis in hematopoietic cells.

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  • 1Hematology/Oncology, Department of Medicine, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine 7-5-2, Chuo-ku, Kobe 650-0017, Japan.


Here, we show a functional role of casein kinase I (CKI) epsilon in hematopoietic cell survival through the modification of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt signaling. Introduction of wild-type (WT)-CKIepsilon into interleukin-3 (IL-3)-dependent 32D cells increased the sensitivity to genotoxic stresses, such as gamma-irradiation, etoposide, and IL-3 deprivation, whereas kinase-negative (KN)-CKIepsilon suppressed it. Contrary to KN-CKIepsilon, WT-CKIepsilon attenuated the IL-3-induced activation of Akt with the increase of PTEN activity. Similarly, the increase of Akt activation, as well as PTEN inactivation, was accompanied both by a decrease of CKIepsilon expression induced by all-trans retinoic acid and by the addition of a specific inhibitor for CKIepsilon in HL-60 cells. CKIepsilon seems to activate PTEN by physical interaction. These results suggest that the CKIepsilon-induced down-regulation of PI3K/Akt signaling through PTEN lead to amplified sensitivity to apoptosis. Thus, the suppression of CKIepsilon in many human leukemia cell lines may play a role in the cell immortalization.

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