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Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 1992 Jul;7(1):104-11.

An unusual expression of a squamous cell marker, small proline-rich protein gene, in tracheobronchial epithelium: differential regulation and gene mapping.

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California Primate Research Center, University of California, Davis 95616.


An unusual expression of a putative squamous cell marker, small proline-rich protein (spr1), in mucociliary epithelial cells of conducting airways was demonstrated in a serum-free culture system. A cDNA clone was isolated from the cDNA library of monkey tracheobronchial epithelial (TBE) cells by differential hybridization. This cDNA clone, MT5, exhibited 98% homology to a DNA sequence obtained from human keratinocytes treated with either UV light or phorbol esters (T. Kartasova et al., 1988, Mol. Cell. Biol. 8:2195-2230). The predicted peptide of MT5 is unusual for its high content of proline (29%), glutamine (18%), and cysteine (9%) and its repeated PKVPEPC units. The level of spr1 mRNA in cultured cells was inhibited more than 90% by vitamin A. In contrast, phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) stimulated the level of spr1 mRNA by 3- to 8-fold. This differential regulation coincided with the effects of these chemicals on the cornification of cultured TBE cells. Using MT5 as a probe, we have localized the tracheal spr1 gene on the human chromosome 1 by a Southern blot analysis using a panel of human-rodent somatic cell hybrid DNAs. The gene was further sublocalized to bands q22-23 by in situ hybridization.

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