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J Comput Assist Tomogr. 2005 Nov-Dec;29(6):725-33.

Right ventricle shape and contraction patterns and relation to magnetic resonance imaging findings.

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Russell H. Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA.



To analyze and to describe the shape and contraction of the normal right ventricle (RV) as visualized by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).


Thirty normal volunteers were imaged using cine MRI in axial, short-axis, and long-axis planes. The shape and contraction of the RV were qualitatively evaluated. Quantitative evaluation of RV shape was performed by calculating the angle subtended between the planes of horizontal long-axis view (HLA) and axial view and the RV base-to-apex distance. Multiplanar reformation was used to visualize changes between corresponding views.


The spectrum of major RV shape (wedge, box, and round) was more variable on axial images (17%, 43%, and 23%, respectively) than on HLA images (63%, 20%, and 0%, respectively). Focal outpouching of the RV free wall was more frequent on the axial view than on the HLA view. The subtended plane angle and base-to-apex distance showed statistically significant dependence indicative of an artificially foreshortened RV in the axial view with a direct influence on RV variations.


With increasing subtended angles, variation of the normal RV appearance is substantially higher on axial views compared with HLA views.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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