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Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2005 Nov;86(11):2195-8.

Efficacy of forced-use therapy in hemiplegic cerebral palsy.

Author information

1
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Medicine, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. iysung@amc.seoul.kr

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the efficacy of forced-use therapy (FUT) on the improvement of upper-extremity function in children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy (CP).

DESIGN:

Prospective case series.

SETTING:

Outpatient ambulatory clinic in South Korea.

PARTICIPANTS:

Thirty-one patients with hemiplegic CP were assigned to the FUT group (n=18) or to the control group (n=13). The mean age of the patients in the FUT group was 33.2 months and in the control group it was 43.2 months.

INTERVENTIONS:

The FUT group wore a short-arm Scotchcast on the unaffected arm for 6 weeks and also participated in a conventional rehabilitation program that included stretching exercises and functional occupational therapy for the upper extremity. The control group underwent the conventional rehabilitation program only.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE:

Hand function tests, including the box and block test (BBT), Erhardt Developmental Prehension Assessment (EDPA), and WeeFIM instrument taken before and after 6 weeks of treatment.

RESULTS:

Before treatment, there was no significant difference between groups in the BBT, EDPA, and WeeFIM scores. After 6 weeks of treatment, however, the FUT group showed significant improvement in the affected arm in the BBT and EDPA scores, compared with the control group (P<.05). The self-care score on the WeeFIM was also significantly improved in the FUT group (P<.05).

CONCLUSIONS:

FUT combined with a conventional rehabilitation program appears to be more effective than a rehabilitation program alone in improving affected hand function in children with hemiplegic CP.

PMID:
16271570
DOI:
10.1016/j.apmr.2005.05.007
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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