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Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 2005 Dec;53(4):319-23. Epub 2005 Nov 2.

Evaluation of phenotypic screening methods for detecting plasmid-mediated AmpC beta-lactamases-producing isolates of Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae.

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Department of Laboratory Medicine, Yonsei University Hospital, Seoul 120-752, South Korea.


Detection of plasmid-mediated (P-M) AmpC beta-lactamase-producing isolates is considered critical for epidemiologic studies and hospital infection control, but the documents of the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute do not contain any recommendation for the phenotypic detection. In this study, phenotypic detection methods, cefoxitin-Hodge test and induction test, were evaluated using cefoxitin-resistant Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates. The cefoxitin-Hodge test detected all bla(CMY-10), and 97.4% of bla(CMY-2) allele-positive isolates, but only 57.3% of bla(DHA-1) allele-positive isolates. Induction test with an aztreonam and an amoxicillin-clavulanic acid disk was more sensitive than with cefoxitin disk, which detected 86.6% of bla(DHA-1) allele-positive isolates. These phenotypic tests should be useful to screen P-M AmpC beta-lactamase-producing E. coli and K. pneumoniae isolates.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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