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Traffic. 2005 Dec;6(12):1114-24.

Kinesin-2 is a motor for late endosomes and lysosomes.

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1
Department of Biology, The Johns Hopkins University, 3400 N. Charles Street, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA.

Abstract

The bidirectional nature of late endosome/lysosome movement suggests involvement of at least two distinct motors, one minus-end directed and one plus-end directed. Previous work has identified dynein as the minus-end-directed motor for late endosome/lysosome localization and dynamics. Conventional kinesin (kinesin-1) has been implicated in plus-end-directed late endosome/lysosome movement, but other kinesin family members may also be involved. Kinesin-2 is known to drive the movement of pigment granules, a type of lysosomally derived organelle, and was recently found to be associated with purified late endosomes. To determine whether kinesin-2 might also power endosome movement in non-pigmented cells, we overexpressed dominant negative forms of the KIF3A motor subunit and KAP3 accessory subunit and knocked down KAP3 levels using RNAi. We found kinesin-2 to be required for the normal steady-state localization of late endosomes/lysosomes but not early endosomes or recycling endosomes. Despite the abnormal subcellular distribution of late endosomes/lysosomes, the uptake and trafficking of molecules through the conventional endocytic pathway appeared to be unaffected. The slow time-course of inhibition suggests that both kinesin-2 itself and its attachment to membranes do not turn over quickly.

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