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Dis Aquat Organ. 2005 Sep 23;66(3):255-63.

Use of molecular markers for species identification of Korean Perkinsus sp. isolated from Manila clams Ruditapes philippinarum.

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School of Applied Marine Science, College of Ocean Science, Cheju National University, Jeju, Republic of Korea.


Perkinsus is the pathogen responsible for mass mortality of the Manila clam Ruditapes philippinarum. Perkinsus sp. isolated from Manila clams collected in Korean waters was assayed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to determine its phylogenetic affinity with other congeneric species. Regions of rRNA of Perkinsus sp. isolated from clam haemolymph were cloned and sequenced. Sequences of a non-transcribed spacer (NTS), internal transcribed spacers (ITS 1, 2) and 5.8S rRNA genes were compared to those available from other Perkinsus species. The NTS sequence of Korean Perkinsus was approximately 99.9 to 100% similar to that of P. atlanticus and 98.06 to 98.15% and 73.05 to 73.14% similar to those of P. olseni and P. marinus, respectively. The ITS 1, 5.8S rRNA and ITS 2 sequences of Korean Perkinsus showed 100% similarity to P. atlanticus and Perkinsus sp. reported from Japan. The ITS-5.8S rRNA sequences of Korean Perkinsus were 99.86 and 93.73% similar to those of P. olseni and P. marinus, respectively. The sporulation pattern and morphology of the Korean Perkinsus were very similar to those of P. atlanticus. Our data suggest that the Perkinsus sp. isolated from clams in Korean waters is P. atlanticus, which is currently synonymous with P. olseni reported from Australia. By considering that P. olseni has taxonomic priority, Korean Perkinsus sp. is accepted as P. olseni (atlanticus).

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