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Am J Vet Res. 2005 Sep;66(9):1590-7.

Cytokine response of bovine mammary gland epithelial cells to Escherichia coli, coliform culture filtrate, or lipopolysaccharide.

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  • 1Department of Pathobiological Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, USA.



To define the cytokine response of a cultured mammary gland epithelial cell line (ie, Mac-T) when incubated with Escherichia coli or its products.


Mac-T cells and E coli from cows with mastitis.


Mac-T cells were incubated with E coli or its products. The cytokine response of Mac-T cells to these treatments was quantified by measuring mRNA content of interleukin (IL)-1alpha, IL-1beta, IL-8, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha by use of a quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction assay. The amount of TNF-alpha secreted was also measured.


Treatment with E coli or its products resulted in significant increases in IL-1alpha, IL-8, and TNF-alpha mRNA content in Mac-T cells. This increase was reversible when culture filtrate was incubated with polymyxin B. The amount of IL-1beta mRNA in Mac-T cells increased only slightly over baseline after treatment with E coli or its products, but this increase was not diminished by incubation of E coli filtrate with polymyxin B.


Incubation of Mac-T cells with E coli or its products resulted in increased amounts of IL1alpha, IL-8, and TNF-alpha mRNA. Inhibition of this response by incubation of culture filtrate with polymyxin B suggested that lipopolysaccharide was the main bacterial product that stimulated the cytokine response. The small increase in IL-1beta content in Mac-T cells incubated with E coli or its products suggested that this cytokine had a smaller role in the Mac-T cell response to E coli.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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