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Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2005 Nov 1;30(21):2458-63.

The prognosis of conservative treatments for lumbar spinal stenosis: analysis of patients over 70 years of age.

Author information

1
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, National Hospital Organization Kobe Medical Center, Kobe, Japan. ko-taddy@sc5.so-net.ne.jp

Abstract

STUDY DESIGN:

A prospective study.

OBJECTIVES:

To identify outcomes of aged patients with lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) treated conservatively and to examine factors that control the prognosis.

SUMMARY AND BACKGROUND DATA:

There have been no reports evaluating the outcomes of conservative treatments for elderly LSS patients.

METHODS:

A total of 89 patients, 70 years of age and older, who underwent in-hospital conservative treatment were included. The Japanese Orthopedic Association's score (JOA score) and the disturbance level of activities of daily living (ADL) were used for evaluation. Nerve involvement was classified into radicular, cauda equina, and mixed type. Myelographic findings were classified into central defect with or without block and root defect. Associations between disturbance level of ADL, nerve involvement, and myelographic classifications were investigated.

RESULTS:

The mean JOA score increased from 11.1 points at admission to 15.9 points at discharge, with 14.3 points maintained at the follow-up; 48.8% of radicular type showed no obstacle in ADL at the follow-up compared with 33.3% of the other types; 13.3% of central defect with block showed no obstacle in ADL compared with 47.8% of the other types with significant difference.

CONCLUSION:

The prognosis of conservative treatment for aged LSS was relatively good. Radicular type may be a candidate for conservative treatment. However, patients with complete block in the myelogram may not respond favorably to conservative treatment.

PMID:
16261126
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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