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FASEB J. 2005 Nov;19(13):1798-808.

Fibronectin is required for integrin alphavbeta6-mediated activation of latent TGF-beta complexes containing LTBP-1.

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Department of Cell Biology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016, USA.


Transforming growth factor-betas (TGF-beta) are secreted as latent complexes consisting of the TGF-beta dimer, the TGF-beta propeptide dimer, and the latent TGF-beta binding protein (LTBP). Although the bonds between TGF-beta and its propeptide are cleaved intracellulary, the propeptide associates with TGF-beta by electrostatic interactions, thereby conferring latency to the complex. We reported that a specific sequence of LTBP-1 is required for latent TGF-beta activation by the integrin alphavbeta6. Here we describe a 24 amino acid sequence from the hinge domain required for activation. The LTBP-1 polypeptide rL1N, which includes the hinge, associates with fibronectin in binding assays. We present evidence that fibronectin null cells minimally activate latent TGF-beta and poorly incorporate the active hinge sequence into their matrix. In addition, cells missing the fibronectin receptor alpha5beta1 exhibit defective activation of latent TGF-beta by alphavbeta6 and decreased matrix incorporation. The results indicate specificity for integrin-mediated latent TGF-beta activation that include unique sequences in LTBP-1 and an appropriate matrix molecule.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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