Send to

Choose Destination
J Mol Diagn. 2005 Nov;7(5):613-22.

Simultaneous detection and quantification of mitochondrial DNA deletion(s), depletion, and over-replication in patients with mitochondrial disease.

Author information

Department of Molecular and Human Genetics, Baylor College of Medicine, One Baylor Plaza, NAB 2015, Houston, TX 77030, USA.


Heterogeneous clinical expression of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) disorders depends on both qualitative and quantitative changes in mtDNA. We developed a sensitive and effective method that simultaneously detects mtDNA deletion(s) and quantifies total mtDNA content. The percentage of deletions and mtDNA content of 19 patients with single or multiple deletions were analyzed by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (real-time qPCR) using TaqMan probes specific for mtDNA (tRNA leu(UUR), ND4, ATPase8, and D-loop regions) and nuclear DNA (AIB1, beta-2-microglobulin, and beta-actin). The proportion of deletion mutants determined by real-time qPCR was consistent with that determined by Southern analysis. Most patients with mtDNA deletions also demonstrated compensatory mtDNA over-replication. Multiple mtDNA deletions that were not detectable by Southern analysis due to low percentage of each deletion molecule were readily detected and quantified by real-time qPCR. Furthermore, 12 patients with clinical features and abnormal biochemical/histopathological results consistent with mitochondrial respiratory chain disorders without identified mtDNA mutations had either substantially depleted or significantly over-replicated mtDNA content, supporting the diagnosis of mitochondrial disease. Our results demonstrate that both qualitative and quantitative analyses are important in molecular diagnosis of mitochondrial diseases. The presence of deletion(s) and mtDNA depletion or compensatory over-replication can be determined simultaneously by real-time qPCR.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center