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Proteins. 2005 Dec 1;61(4):888-99.

Correspondence of function and phylogeny of ABC proteins based on an automated analysis of 20 model protein data sets.

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Department of Medicine, AG Bioinformatics, University of Münster, Münster, Germany.


Using our BLAST-based procedure RiPE (Retrieval-induced Phylogeny Environment), which automates the evolutionary analysis of a protein family, we assembled a set of 1138 ABC protein components [adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-binding cassette and transmembrane domain] from the protein data sets of 20 model organisms and subjected them to phylogenetic and functional analysis. For maximum speed, we based the alignment directly on a homology search with a profile of all known human ABC proteins and used neighbor-joining tree estimation. All but 11 sequences from Homo sapiens, Arabidopsis thaliana, Drosophila melanogaster, and Saccharomyces cerevisiae were placed into the correct subtree/subfamily, reproducing published classifications of the individual organisms. By following a simple "function transfer rule", our comparative phylogenetic analysis successfully predicted the known function of human ABC proteins in 19 of 22 cases. Three functional predictions did not correspond, and 10 were novel. Predictions based on BLAST alone were inferior in five cases and superior in two. Bacterial sequences were placed close to the root of most subtrees. This placement coincides with domain architecture, suggesting an early diversification of the ABC family before the kingdoms split apart. Our approach can, in principle, be used to annotate any protein family of any organism included in the study.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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