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Clin Chem. 2006 Jan;52(1):82-7. Epub 2005 Oct 27.

Dipeptidyl-peptidase IV converts intact B-type natriuretic peptide into its des-SerPro form.

Author information

1
Laboratory of Medical Biochemistry, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Analysis of plasma B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) has suggested the in vivo formation of a truncated form, BNP (3-32), also called des-SerPro-BNP. The objectives of this study were to investigate (a) whether BNP and other natriuretic peptides are truncated by dipeptidyl-peptidase IV (DPP IV/CD26; EC 3.4.14.5) and (b) whether this truncation affects the susceptibility to cleavage by neutral endopeptidase (NEP; EC 3.4.24.11).

METHODS:

Human BNP (1-32), A-type natriuretic peptide 1-28 (ANP 1-28), and related peptides were incubated with purified DPP IV and with human plasma. In addition, BNP (1-32), BNP (3-32), and ANP (1-28) were subjected to hydrolysis by NEP. Cleavage products were analyzed by mass spectrometry.

RESULTS:

BNP (1-32) was cleaved by purified DPP IV with a specificity constant of 0.37 x 10(6) L.mol(-1).s(-1). The DPP IV activity in EDTA-plasma was able to truncate BNP (1-32) ex vivo. Addition of Vildagliptin, a specific DPP IV inhibitor, prevented this truncation in a concentration-dependent manner. Under in vitro circumstances in which ANP was hydrolyzed extensively, BNP (1-32) and BNP (3-32) were very resistant to NEP-mediated cleavage.

CONCLUSIONS:

DPP IV cleaves BNP (1-32) with an efficiency higher than or comparable to several known in vivo substrates of the enzyme. Even after loss of the amino-terminal dipeptide, BNP remains highly resistant to cleavage by NEP.

PMID:
16254193
DOI:
10.1373/clinchem.2005.057638
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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