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J Psychosom Res. 2005 Nov;59(5):315-22.

Do illness perceptions predict attendance at cardiac rehabilitation and quality of life following myocardial infarction?

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1
British Heart Foundation Care and Education Research Group, Department of Health Sciences, University of York, York, United Kingdom. d.p.french.1@bham.ac.uk

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The aim of this study was to examine the extent to which illness perceptions predict attendance at cardiac rehabilitation and quality of life following myocardial infarction (MI).

METHODS:

The illness perceptions of 194 MI patients were assessed whilst the patients were still in hospital following an MI. The mean age was 63.3 years (S.D. = 10.6), and 142 of the patients were men. Cardiac rehabilitation attendance and quality of life were assessed via a postal questionnaire 6 months later.

RESULTS:

In contrast to previous work reported in this area, illness perceptions were not significantly associated with attendance at cardiac rehabilitation. Illness perceptions measured within 24 h of an acute MI were predictive of quality of life 6 months later.

CONCLUSION:

Previous reports may have overestimated the extent to which illness perceptions predict attendance at cardiac rehabilitation. The relationship between illness perceptions and quality of life at 6 months suggests that interventions to alter illness perceptions, especially perceptions of consequences, may be useful in improving health-related quality of life (HRQoL) following an MI.

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