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Life Sci. 2006 Jan 18;78(8):803-11. Epub 2005 Oct 25.

Antioxidant and antiradical activities of L-carnitine.

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Atatürk University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Department of Chemistry, TR-25240-Erzurum-Turkey.


L-carnitine plays an important regulatory role in the mitochondrial transport of long-chain free fatty acids. In this study, the antioxidant activity of L-carnitine was investigated as in vitro. The antioxidant properties of the L-carnitine were evaluated by using different antioxidant assays such as 1, 1-diphenyl-2-picryl-hydrazyl free radical (DPPH.) scavenging, total antioxidant activity, reducing power, superoxide anion radical scavenging, hydrogen peroxide scavenging and metal chelating activities. Total antioxidant activity was measured according to ferric thiocyanate method. alpha-tocopherol and trolox, a water-soluble analogue of tocopherol, were used as the reference antioxidant compounds. At the concentrations of 15, 30 and 45 microg/mL, l-carnitine showed 94.6%, 95.4% and 97.1% inhibition on lipid peroxidation of linoleic acid emulsion, respectively. On the other hand, 45 microg/mL of standard antioxidant such as alpha-tocopherol and trolox indicated an inhibition of 88.8% and 86.2% on peroxidation of linoleic acid emulsion, respectively. In addition, L-carnitine had an effective DPPH. scavenging, superoxide anion radical scavenging, hydrogen peroxide scavenging, total reducing power and metal chelating on ferrous ions activities. Also, those various antioxidant activities were compared to alpha-tocopherol and trolox as references antioxidants.

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