Send to

Choose Destination
Yi Chuan Xue Bao. 2005 Oct;32(10):1003-10.

Potential effect of inter-genic action on peak bone mass (PBM) in Chinese females.

Author information

Laboratory of Molecular and Statistical Genetics, College of Life Sciences, Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410081, China.


Peak bone mass (PBM) is a complex trait, determined by both genetic and environmental factors and also their interactions. Vitamin D receptor (VDR) estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha), interleukin 6 (IL6), parathyroid hormone (PTH), collagen type I alpha 2 (COL1A2), bone Gla protein (BGP), alpha2-HS glycoprotein (AHSG) are among the important candidate genes of bone metabolism. The study aims to detect significant effect of potential inter-genic action underlying PBM in Chinese females. 361 unrelated healthy premenopausal Chinese females (aged 20 -44 years) with Han ethnicity were recruited from the Shanghai city in China. Bone mineral density (BMD) at the hip and the lumbar spine (L1-4) was measured using a Hologic QDR 2000 + dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scanner. Eight polymorphisms among the seven genes were genotyped, i. e. Apa I in VDR, Pvu II and Xba I in ERa (ERX and ERP, respectively), BsrB I in IL6, BstB I in PTH, Msp I in COL1A2, Hind III in BGP, and Sac I in AHSG, using PCR-RFLP (polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism) methods. Two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) showed significant effects of IL6 x ERP interaction on PBM at the total hip (P = 0.019), intertrochanter (P = 0.016), and femoral neck (P =0. 019). The BMD difference between GGPp carriers and GGpp subjects (at these two loci) amounted to 18.0%, 19.5%, and 14.8% at the hip,intertrochanter,and femoral neck,respectively. The potential interaction effect of AHSG x IL6 was observed on femoral neck PBM (P = 0.046). GGSS individuals (at these two loci) had, on average, 18.8% higher femoral neck BMD than those subjects with GGSs genotype. The population-level statistical analysis indicates that IL6 x ERP and AHSG x IL6 have significant inter-genic effect on the genetic determination of PBM in Chinese females.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center