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Bioinformatics. 2005 Dec 15;21(24):4384-93. Epub 2005 Oct 25.

Haplotype-based linkage disequilibrium mapping via direct data mining.

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  • 1Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Department, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA.



With the availability of large-scale, high-density single-nucleotide polymorphism markers and information on haplotype structures and frequencies, a great challenge is how to take advantage of haplotype information in the association mapping of complex diseases in case-control studies.


We present a novel approach for association mapping based on directly mining haplotypes (i.e. phased genotype pairs) produced from case-control data or case-parent data via a density-based clustering algorithm, which can be applied to whole-genome screens as well as candidate-gene studies in small genomic regions. The method directly explores the sharing of haplotype segments in affected individuals that are rarely present in normal individuals. The measure of sharing between two haplotypes is defined by a new similarity metric that combines the length of the shared segments and the number of common alleles around any marker position of the haplotypes, which is robust against recent mutations/genotype errors and recombination events. The effectiveness of the approach is demonstrated by using both simulated datasets and real datasets. The results show that the algorithm is accurate for different population models and for different disease models, even for genes with small effects, and it outperforms some recently developed methods.

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