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J Occup Health Psychol. 2005 Oct;10(4):491-503.

Consequences of boundary-spanning demands and resources for work-to-family conflict and perceived stress.

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Raymond L. Fitz, S. M. Center for Leadership in Community, University of Dayton, Dayton, OH 45469-1445, USA.


Using work-family border theory, this article examines relationships between boundary-spanning demands and resources and work-to-family conflict and perceived stress. The analysis uses data from 2,109 respondents from the 2002 National Study of the Changing Workforce. The demands that were positively related to work-to-family conflict and perceived stress were commuting time, bringing work home, job contacts at home, and work-family multitasking. Work-family multitasking partially explained the effects of bringing work home and job contacts at home on conflict and stress. For resources, time off for family responsibilities and a supportive work-family culture showed negative associations with conflict and stress. Work-to-family conflict partially mediated relationships between several demands and resources and perceived stress.

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