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J Agric Food Chem. 2005 Nov 2;53(22):8474-80.

Determination of aflatoxin M1 in milk and milk powder using high-flow solid-phase extraction and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry.

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Institute of Environmental Health, College of Public Health, National Taiwan University, 19 Hsu-Cho Road, Taipei City 10055, Taiwan.


Animal feeds occasionally have some degree of contamination by Aspergillus spp. Even pasteurized milk at times contains the toxic liver carcinogen aflatoxin M1 (AFM1). Confirmation of its presence is now done with solid-phase extraction (SPE) and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)-fluorescence, using a small enough sample that SPE time is reasonable. In this study 200 mL of milk was extracted using a C18 disk at a flow rate of approximately 100 mL/min and AFM1 quantified by HPLC-tandem mass spectrometry with negative electrospray ionization. The effectiveness and cleanup efficacy of immunoaffinity columns (IAC) was compared with that of Mycosep multifunctional cleanup columns (MFC). Average recovery and detection limits of whole milk and low-fat milk cleaned up by IAC were significantly superior to those obtained with the MFC (78-87% and 0.59-0.66 ng/L, respectively). The new procedure improves extraction speed, sensitivity, and specificity.

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