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Biomaterials. 2006 Mar;27(9):1728-34. Epub 2005 Oct 24.

Magnesium and its alloys as orthopedic biomaterials: a review.

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Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch, New Zealand.


As a lightweight metal with mechanical properties similar to natural bone, a natural ionic presence with significant functional roles in biological systems, and in vivo degradation via corrosion in the electrolytic environment of the body, magnesium-based implants have the potential to serve as biocompatible, osteoconductive, degradable implants for load-bearing applications. This review explores the properties, biological performance, challenges and future directions of magnesium-based biomaterials.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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