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Biochemistry. 2005 Nov 1;44(43):14069-79.

The structure-activity relationship of ferric pyoverdine bound to its outer membrane transporter: implications for the mechanism of iron uptake.

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UMR7100 CNRS, ESBS, Bld S├ębastien Brant, F-67 412 Illkirch, Strasbourg, France.


Under iron limitation, Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 15692 secretes a major siderophore, pyoverdine I (PvdI). This molecule chelates iron in the extracellular medium and shuttles it into the cells via a specific outer membrane transporter, FpvAI. PvdI consists of a fluorescent chromophore derived from 2,3-diamino-6,7-dihydroxyquinoline and containing one of the bidentate groups involved in iron chelation, linked to a peptide moiety containing the two other bidentate groups required for binding to Fe(3+). Kinetic studies, based on the fluorescence properties of this siderophore, showed that pH 8.0 was optimal for the binding of PvdI and PvdI-Fe to FpvAI. We investigated the mechanism of interaction of PvdI and PvdI-Fe with FpvAI, by synthesizing various analogues of this siderophore, determining their affinity for FpvAI in vitro and in vivo and their ability to transport iron, and interpreting the results obtained in light of the structure of FpvAI-PvdI. Our findings demonstrate that the succinyl moiety linked to the chromophore of PvdI and the first amino acid of the peptide moiety can be sterically hindered with no effect on binding or the iron uptake properties of PvdI-Fe. Moreover, the sequence and the structure of the peptide moiety of PvdI seems to be more important for the iron uptake step than for the binding of the siderophore to FpvAI. Finally, the efficiency of iron uptake and of recycling of the various PvdI analogues after iron release suggests that iron dissociates from PvdI on FpvAI or in the periplasm. All these data have serious implications for the specificity and mechanism of PvdI-mediated iron transport in P. aeruginosa.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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