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Ann Bot. 2005 Dec;96(7):1293-305. Epub 2005 Oct 21.

Nuclear DNA variation, chromosome numbers and polyploidy in the endemic and indigenous grass flora of New Zealand.

Author information

1
School of Biological Sciences, The University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, New Zealand. b.murray@auckland.ac.nz

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIMS:

Little information is available on DNA C-values for the New Zealand flora. Nearly 85 % of the named species of the native vascular flora are endemic, including 157 species of Poaceae, the second most species-rich plant family in New Zealand. Few C-values have been published for New Zealand native grasses, and chromosome numbers have previously been reported for fewer than half of the species. The aim of this research was to determine C-values and chromosome numbers for most of the endemic and indigenous Poaceae from New Zealand.

SCOPE:

To analyse DNA C-values from 155 species and chromosome numbers from 55 species of the endemic and indigenous grass flora of New Zealand.

KEY RESULTS:

The new C-values increase significantly the number of such measurements for Poaceae worldwide. New chromosome numbers were determined from 55 species. Variation in C-value and percentage polyploidy were analysed in relation to plant distribution. No clear relationship could be demonstrated between these variables.

CONCLUSIONS:

A wide range of C-values was found in the New Zealand endemic and indigenous grasses. This variation can be related to the phylogenetic position of the genera, plants in the BOP (Bambusoideae, Oryzoideae, Pooideae) clade in general having higher C-values than those in the PACC (Panicoideae, Arundinoideae, Chloridoideae + Centothecoideae) clade. Within genera, polyploids typically have smaller genome sizes (C-value divided by ploidy level) than diploids and there is commonly a progressive decrease with increasing ploidy level. The high frequency of polyploidy in the New Zealand grasses was confirmed by our additional counts, with only approximately 10 % being diploid. No clear relationship between C-value, polyploidy and rarity was evident.

PMID:
16243852
PMCID:
PMC4247080
DOI:
10.1093/aob/mci281
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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