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FEMS Microbiol Lett. 1992 Apr 1;71(1):89-94.

Does high level production of SHV-type penicillinase confer resistance to ceftazidime in Enterobacteriaceae?

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Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, URA 401 CNRS, Paris, France.


We report the isolation of a clinical isolate of Klebsiella pneumoniae that showed resistance to ceftazidime (MIC: 8 micrograms/ml), susceptibility to aztreonam (MIC: 2 micrograms/ml) and cefotaxime (MIC: 0.015 micrograms/ml). A synergistic effect between clavulanic acid and ceftazidime or aztreonam against this strain was also observed. The strain hyperproduced SHV-1 penicillinase (990 U/g) which is encoded by a self-transferrable plasmid of at least 150 kb. That the ceftazidime-resistance phenotype could be due to hyperproduction of SHV-1 penicillinase is supported by the study of a spontaneous ceftazidime-resistant mutant in vitro obtained from an Escherichia coli strain containing plasmid p453 encoding the SHV-1. Indeed, this mutant hyperproducing SHV-1 (2200 U/g) was resistant to ceftazidime (MIC: 16 micrograms/ml) and aztreonam (MIC: 8 micrograms/ml) but susceptible to cefotaxime (MIC: 0.03 ng/ml). Clavulanic acid showed a synergistic effect when associated with ceftazidime or aztreonam. In contrast, the hyperproduction of TEM-1 (790 U/g) did not confer a ceftazidime- and aztreonam-resistant phenotype while hyperproduction of both TEM-1 and SHV-1 increased the resistance to amoxycillin/clavulanic acid and to cephalothin.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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