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Eur Biophys J. 2006 Apr;35(4):363-6. Epub 2005 Oct 21.

Combined NMR-observation of cold denaturation in supercooled water and heat denaturation enables accurate measurement of deltaC(p) of protein unfolding.

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Department of Chemistry, The State University of New York, Buffalo, NY 14260, USA.


Cold and heat denaturation of the double mutant Arg 3-->Glu/Leu 66-->Glu of cold shock protein Csp of Bacillus caldolyticus was monitored using 1D (1)H NMR spectroscopy in the temperature range from -12 degrees C in supercooled water up to +70 degrees C. The fraction of unfolded protein, f (u), was determined as a function of the temperature. The data characterizing the unfolding transitions could be consistently interpreted in the framework of two-state models: cold and heat denaturation temperatures were determined to be -11 degrees C and 39 degrees C, respectively. A joint fit to both cold and heat transition data enabled the accurate spectroscopic determination of the heat capacity difference between native and denatured state, DeltaC(p) of unfolding. The approach described in this letter, or a variant thereof, is generally applicable and promises to be of value for routine studies of protein folding.

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