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Eur J Clin Nutr. 2006 Feb;60(2):191-6.

Anthropometric body fat composition reference values in Spanish adolescents. The AVENA Study.

Author information

1
EU Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad de Zaragoza, Spain. lmoreno@unizar.es

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine reference values for body mass index (BMI), sum of six skinfolds (sigma6 skinfolds) and body fat percentage (BF%) in Spanish adolescents aged 13-18 years, included in the AVENA Study (Alimentación y Valoración del Estado Nutricional en Adolescentes: Food and Assessment of the Nutritional Status of Adolescents).

DESIGN:

Multicentre cross-sectional study.

SETTING:

Representative sample of Spanish adolescents.

SUBJECTS:

The population was selected by means of a multiplestep, simple random sampling. The final number of subjects included in the AVENA Study was 2859 adolescents; 2160 adolescents had a complete set of anthropometric measurements and were then included in this study (1109 males and 1051 females).

INTERVENTIONS:

Weight, height and six skinfold thicknesses were measured. As indices of total adiposity, we calculated BMI, summation sigma6 skinfolds and BF% with the formulas described by Slaughter et al.

RESULTS:

Sigma6 skinfolds and BF% in each age group were significantly higher in females than in males. In males, age showed a significant effect for BMI, sigma6 skinfolds and BF%; however, in females, the effect was only significant for BF%. The percentile distribution was more disperse towards higher sigma6 skinfolds and BF% values in males when compared with females.

CONCLUSIONS:

The presented percentile values will help us to classify adolescents in comparison with a well-established reference population, and to estimate the proportion of adolescents with high or low adiposity amounts.

SPONSORSHIP:

The AVENA-Study was supported by the Spanish Ministry of Health (FIS 00/0015), and grants from Panrico SA, Madaus SA and Procter and Gamble SA. This study was also supported by Instituto de Salud Carlos III (Spain), RCESP (C03/09) and Spanish Ministry of Education (AP2003-2128).

PMID:
16234838
DOI:
10.1038/sj.ejcn.1602285
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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