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J Biosci Bioeng. 2005 Apr;99(4):320-30.

Hypothesis: structures, evolution, and ancestor of glucose kinases in the hexokinase family.

Author information

1
Department of Basic and Applied Molecular Biotechnology, Division of Food and Biological Science, Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University, Uji, Kyoto 611-0011, Japan.

Abstract

Glucose kinase, which we tentatively use in this review, represents the enzymes catalyzing the phosphorylation of glucose and other hexoses by means of phosphoryl donors (ATP, ADP, and inorganic polyphosphate [poly(P)]). Except for glucose kinases utilizing ADP, all other glucose kinases belong to the hexokinase (HK) family and are classified into three groups based on primary structural information, i.e., groups HK, A, and B. The structural and evolutionary relationships of glucose kinases belonging to the above three groups have been controversial due to the lack of tertiary structural information on those in groups A and B. However, recent studies on the tertiary structures of poly(P)/ATP-glucomannokinase (GMK: a glucose kinase in group B) from Arthrobacter sp. strain KM and glucokinase (GK) (ecoGK: a glucose kinase in group A) from Escherichia coli have shed light on this problem. A comparison of the tertiary structures of GMK and ecoGK with those of glucose kinases in group HK demonstrated that both GMK and ecoGK are structurally homologous with glucose kinases in group HK, and that glucose kinases belonging to groups HK, A, and B in the HK family evolved divergently from a common ancestor. Based on the simple structure of GMK compared to those of ecoGK and glucose kinases in group HK, and the putative poly(P)-binding site in GMK, we propose that the ancestor of glucose kinases in the HK family was similar to GMK and used poly(P). We also discuss the ancestor and evolutionary process of ROK proteins, whose primary structures are homologous with those of glucose kinases in group B, in connection with the ancestor and evolutionary process of glucose kinases in the HK family.

PMID:
16233797
DOI:
10.1263/jbb.99.320
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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