Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Biosci Bioeng. 2004;98(4):263-8.

High butanol production by Clostridium saccharoperbutylacetonicum N1-4 in fed-batch culture with pH-Stat continuous butyric acid and glucose feeding method.

Author information

Laboratory of Microbial Technology, Department of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University, 6-10-1 Hakozaki, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 812-8581, Japan.


A pH-stat fed-batch culture by feeding butyric acid and glucose has been studied in an acetone-butanol-ethanol (ABE) fermentation using Clostridium saccharoperbutylacetonicum N1-4. The specific butanol production rate increased from 0.10 g-butanol/g-cells/h with no feeding of butyric acid to 0.42 g-butanol/g-cells/h with 5.0 g/l butyric acid. The pH value in broth decreases with butyric acid production during acidogenesis, and then butyric acid reutilization and butanol production result in a pH increase during solventogensis. The pH-stat fed-batch culture was performed to maintain a constant pH and butyric acid concentration in the culture broth, but feeding only butyric acid could not support butyric acid utilization and butanol production. Subsequently, when a mixture of butyric acid and glucose was fed, butyric acid was utilized and butanol was produced. To investigate the effect of the feeding ratio of butyric acid to glucose (B/G ratio), several B/G ratio solutions were fed. The maximum butanol production was 16 g/l and the residual glucose concentration in broth was very low at a B/G ratio of 1.4. Moreover, yields of butanol in relation to cell mass and glucose utilization were 54% and 72% higher in pH-stat fed-batch culture with butyric acid than that of conventional batch culture, respectively.

PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center