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J Biosci Bioeng. 2001;92(6):598-601.

Radiation-inducible TNF-alpha gene expression under stress-inducible promoter gadd 153 for cancer therapy.

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Department of Biotechnology, School of Engineering, Nagoya University, Nagoya 464-8603, Japan.


We demonstrated the effectiveness of radiation-inducible expression of the TNF-alpha gene for cancer therapy in vitro. The TNF-alpha gene under the control of the stress-inducible promoter, gadd 153, was introduced into the human glioma cell line, U251-SP. Without cobalt-60 gamma irradiation, no cytotoxicity against the transfected cells was observed. When the transfected cells were irradiated with 10 or 20 gray (Gy), the gadd 153 promoter was highly induced and the expression level of TNF-alpha increased. Five days after the irradiation, the TNF-alpha productions of each cell irradiated with 10 and 20 Gy were 30 and 100 times higher than the basal level, respectively. The cytotoxicities against the transfected cells 5 d after irradiation with 10 and 20 Gy were 79% or 91%, respectively, which are much higher than those against the nontransfected cells that were irradiated at the same dose (43% and 78%, respectively). These results demonstrate that the gadd 153-TNF-alpha system may be an effective tool for radiosurgery of malignant brain tumors.


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