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Protoplasma. 2005 Oct;226(1-2):81-8. Epub 2005 Oct 20.

Coupling actin dynamics to the endocytic process in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

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Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, United Kingdom.


Endocytosis is an essential eukaryotic process that, in many systems, has been reported to require a functional actin cytoskeleton. The process of endocytosis is critical for controlling the protein-lipid composition of the plasma membrane and uptake of nutrients as well as pathogens and also plays an important role in regulation of cell signalling. While several distinct pathways for endocytosis have been characterised, all of these require remodelling of the cell cortex. The importance of a dynamic actin cytoskeleton for facilitating endocytosis has been recognised for many years in budding yeast and is increasingly supported by studies in mammalian cells. Current evidence suggests that cortical patches are sites of endocytosis in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and that these sites are composed of sequentially forming protein complexes. Distinct stages in complex formation are characterised by the presence of different activators of F-actin polymerisation. Disassembly of the complexes is also essential for the endocytosis to proceed. Mutants lacking the kinases Ark1 and Prk1 accumulate actin and endocytic machinery in a single large clump in cells. Phosphorylation of endocytic proteins including Sla1p is proposed to cause their removal from the complex and allow later stages of the invagination process to occur. Dephosphorylation of endocytic components may then allow subsequent reincorporation into new sites of endocytic complex assembly.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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