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Clin Infect Dis. 1992 Jun;14(6):1251-3.

Antimicrobial treatment of orthopedic implant-related infections with rifampin combinations.

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Division of Infectious Diseases, University Hospital, Basel, Switzerland.


The purpose of this prospective clinical study is to evaluate the role of combination chemotherapy with rifampin in the treatment of orthopedic device-related infections in which the implant could not be removed. Eleven patients with orthopedic implant-related infections due to staphylococci or streptococci were treated with the implant in situ. Each antimicrobial regimen included rifampin in combination with a beta-lactam antibiotic or ciprofloxacin. The median duration of treatment with rifampin was 86 days (range, 15-336 days) with a median follow-up of greater than 24 months after cessation of therapy. Treatment was successful for 82% of patients. Failures were associated with documented inappropriate treatment. These preliminary clinical data are supported by data from in vitro studies and animal experiments. Combination therapy with rifampin, in particular rifampin and a quinolone, should be considered for patients with orthopedic implant-related infections if the implant cannot be removed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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