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Cancer Res. 2005 Oct 15;65(20):9169-75.

Decoy receptor 2 (DcR2) is a p53 target gene and regulates chemosensitivity.

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Department of Hematology and Oncology, Winship Cancer Institute, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA.


Decoy receptor 2 (DcR2) is one of the tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) receptors and suppresses TRAIL-induced apoptosis. Its expression, like the other three TRAIL receptors (i.e., DR4, DR5, and DcR1), is regulated by p53. Here, we report that DcR2 is a p53 target gene and regulates chemosensitivity. In this study, we identified a p53-binding site (p53BS) in the first intron of the DcR2 gene. This p53BS is almost identical to the ones found in the first introns of other three TRAIL receptor genes. By a chromatin immunoprecipitation assay, we detected that the p53 protein bound to the DcR2 p53BS in intact cells. Subcloning of the DcR2 p53BS into a luciferase reporter vector driven by a SV40 promoter exhibited enhanced luciferase activity when transiently cotransfected with a wild-type (wt) p53 expression vector in p53-null cell lines or stimulated with DNA-damaging agents in cell lines having wt p53. Moreover, when the DcR2 p53BS, together with its own corresponding promoter regions, was subcloned into a basic luciferase vector without a promoter element, its transcriptional activities were strikingly increased by cotransfection of the wt p53 gene. However, when this p53BS was deleted from the construct, wt p53 failed to transactivate this reporter construct. Collectively, we conclude that p53 directly regulates the DcR2 gene expression via an intronic p53BS. In addition, overexpression of DcR2 conferred resistance to TRAIL-mediated apoptosis and attenuated cell response to DNA-damaging agents, whereas silencing of DcR2 expression enhanced chemotherapeutic agent-induced apoptosis. These results suggest that DcR2 regulates chemosensitivity.

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