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Int Immunol. 1992 Feb;4(2):163-75.

Development and follicular localization of tolerant B lymphocytes in lysozyme/anti-lysozyme IgM/IgD transgenic mice.

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Nuffield Department of Pathology, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, UK.


To analyse mechanisms of immunological self-tolerance, a detailed comparison of the development and fate of lysozyme-specific B lymphocytes was carried out in transgenic mice expressing rearranged anti-lysozyme IgM/IgD Ig transgenes in the absence or presence of an additional transgene encoding lysozyme itself. In the absence of lysozyme, B cell development, localization, and differential expression of transgene-encoded IgM and IgD occurred in the normal sequence in Ig transgenic mice, establishing that these animals provide a physiological model for studies of B cell selection in vivo. By contrast, in lysozyme-expressing double-transgenic mice, tolerant lysozyme-reactive B cells persisted within the follicular mantle zones in the spleen, lymph nodes, and Peyer's patches, but were eliminated from the splenic marginal zones. It could be shown that lysozyme-binding and induction of tolerance occurred as soon as surface Ig was expressed on immature B cells in the bone marrow of the double-transgenic mice although this did not prevent maturation, emigration from the bone marrow, and localization in peripheral lymphoid follicles. These findings, together with recent examples of aborted maturation of self-reactive B cells, indicate two functionally distinct antigen receptor signalling events in immature B cells and suggest a unique role for the follicular microenvironment.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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