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Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol. 2006 Jan-Feb;29(1):92-6.

Radiological follow-up of new compression fractures following percutaneous vertebroplasty.

Author information

1
Department of Radiology, Kansai Medical University, Moriguchi, Osaka 570-8507, Japan. tanigano@takii.kmu.ac.jp

Abstract

The purpose of the present study was to ascertain chronological changes in the analgesic effects of percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) on osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures and to radiologically follow new compression fractures after PVP. Seventy-six patients (206 vertebral bodies) were followed radiologically for a mean of 11.5 months. A visual analog scale (VAS; 0-10) was used to assess pain severity, and frontal and lateral plain radiographs of the thoracic and lumbar vertebrae were taken 1-3 days and 1, 4, 10, and 22 months after PVP. The average VAS score was 7.2 +/- 2.0 (mean pain score +/- standard deviation) before PVP, 2.5 +/- 2.3 at 1-3 days after PVP, 2.2 +/- 2.3 at 1 month, 1.9 +/- 2.2 at 4 months, 1.8 +/- 2.4 at 10 months, and 1.0 +/- 0.2 at 22 months. A new compression fracture was confirmed in 56 vertebral bodies in 28 patients (36.8%), affecting 38 adjacent vertebral bodies (67.8%), 17 nonadjacent vertebral bodies (30.4%), and 1 treated vertebral body (1.8%). A new compression fracture occurred within 1 week of PVP in 2 vertebral bodies (3.6%), between 1 week and 1 month after PVP in 22 (39.3%), between 1 and 3 months in 12 (21.4%), between 3 and 6 months in 12 (21.4%), and after more than 6 months in 8 (14.3%). PVP was highly effective in relieving the pain associated with osteoporosis-induced vertebral compression fractures, and this analgesia was long lasting. Radiological follow-up observation revealed new compression fractures in about one-third of patients. More than half of these new compression fractures occurred in adjacent vertebral bodies within 3 months of PVP.

PMID:
16228846
DOI:
10.1007/s00270-005-0097-x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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