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J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs. 2005 Sep-Oct;34(5):551-60.

The cost of prenatal care attendance and pregnancy outcomes in low-income working women.

Author information

1
School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA. stringer@nursing.upenn.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine personal costs (dollar costs and time spent) associated with prenatal care (PNC) attendance and outcomes (gestation length, PNC adequacy, and birth weight) for low-income, working women (N = 165).

DESIGN:

Prospective, descriptive study.

SETTING:

Participants were recruited from a pre-natal clinic located at an inner city tertiary care center.

PARTICIPANTS:

A convenience sample of 165 low-income, working women.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Personal costs were measured as dollar costs and time spent associated with PNC attendance. Perinatal outcomes were measured as gestation length, PNC adequacy, and birth weight.

RESULTS:

Per visit, the mean cost associated with PNC was 33.31 dollars (range 1-125.60 dollars, SD = 32.33 dollars) and the time needed to attend care was 228 min (20-720, SD = 205). Women delivered at 37.8 (18-42) weeks; 17.6% of the women received inadequate PNC, and 17.0% of the women delivered low-birth-weight newborns.

CONCLUSIONS:

The findings indicated that personal costs associated with PNC attendance were not associated with inadequate care attendance.

PMID:
16227510
DOI:
10.1177/0884217505280276
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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