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Arch Orthop Trauma Surg. 1992;111(4):187-91.

The natural course of osteoarthritis of the hip due to subluxation or acetabular dysplasia.

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Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Nagoya University School of Medicine, Japan.


In 59 patients, 86 hips with subluxation or hip dysplasia were examined to determine the natural course of the condition and select suitable treatment. Thirty-three percent of the joints (13/39 hips) developed early osteoarthritis from pre-osteoarthritis within an average term of 9.2 years, while the remaining, sixty-six percent (31/47 hips) developed advanced-stage osteoarthritis from early osteoarthritis within an average term of 7.8 years. Patients were classified into advanced and non-advanced groups according to radiographic analysis of the advanced groups according to radiographic analysis of the advance of the disease and statistical analysis was performed. In pre-osteoarthritis, centre-edge angle, slope of the acetabular roof, acetabular head index, acetabular depth ratio and Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) hip score were significant predictors, while in early osteoarthritis, a broken Shenton's line, cranial joint space and JOA score were significant. On the basis of multiple parameters, formulas for predicting development in patients with pre-osteoarthritis, those with early osteoarthritis, and all patients together were established, with an accuracy of 87%, 71%, and 68%, respectively.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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